Dynamic innovation systems in the Nordic countries? : Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway & Sweden. Vol. 2

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INFORMATION

FÖRFATTARE
Håkan Gergils
DIMENSIONERA
8,8 MB
FILNAMN
Dynamic innovation systems in the Nordic countries? : Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway & Sweden. Vol. 2.pdf
ISBN
4832717411981

BESKRIVNING

The Nordic countries are considered to be among the most innovative in the world. What are the features of their innovation systems and what innovation policies are implemented? This publication is the second volume of a comparative study of the Nordic innovation systems. It presents and analyses the innovation systems and innovation policies in each of the Nordic countries. The most important actors and their operations are described as are also the investments in research and development, the governments' strategies and action programmes etc. An assessment is made of the countries' strengths and weaknesses. The author paints a picture that is new and in places will surprise even the best informed.The first volume, "Dynamic Innovation Systems in the Nordic Countries? A Summary Analysis and Assessment", contains a synthesis and a comparative analysis.  The author Håkan Gergils, Ecofon, is an economist and international consultant to major business corporations, institutions, governments and the EU Commission. He has carried out the study within the framework of the SNS project New Dynamics in the Swedish Innovation System.

Post retirement schemes and unemployment benefits: Any person who is actively looking for employment in the Nordic economies is entitled to certain daily allowance which differs from country to country. Since Sweden has the highest voter turnout in Europe, it also therefore has the highest turnout among the Nordic countries; 83 per cent at the last local elections in 2014. Denmark, whose election system is roughly the same as Norway's, was about seven percentage points higher than Norway in the last local elections in 2013. See how Norway ranks in US News Best Countries.

All countries participating in the study have selected at least three case studies of MSc Innovative Sustainable Energy Engineering The joint master's programme in Innovative Sustainable Energy Engineering pools the facilities, innovation and talent from energy departments at the largest technical universities in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland. By this indicator, US innovation activity lags behind that of Sweden, Denmark and Finland. The same result obtains when comparing some of the most frequently used indicators of innovation inputs, such as business expenditure on research and development, the share of researchers in total employment, and even the stock of venture capital as a share of GDP (Table 1). However, CEE policymakers do not need to look far for inspiration and best practice when identifying methods for boosting domestic innovation.

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